Cannabis is a psychoactive plant used for medical or recreational purposes. The primary psychoactive component of cannabis is tetrahydrocannabinol, one of at least 420 known compounds, including at least 150 other cannabinoids. Cannabis (hemp mostly) has been used in a variety of areas including the building industry, fiber production, medicine production, fuel and many more. The most common cannabinoids in the plant are THC and CBD. THC has intoxicating effects while CBD does not. The most common strains of cannabis are: hemp and marijuana.
Hemp is a strain of cannabis that is grown specifically for the purpose of its derived products. One of the fastest growing plants and was the first to produce fiber 10,000 years ago. It has a high concentration of CBD and most commonly a low concentration of THC, due to the difference in the concentration of active substances between hemp and marijuana. Hemp can be consumed in various ways and provide calmness and relief from pain – but will have a different effect than marijuana due to low THC.
CBD derived from the hemp plant has < .3% THC, and CBD derived from marijuana will most likely have above 5% THC.
A cannabis strain containing high concentrations of THC and relatively low concentrations of CBD. Can be consumed in various ways including vaping, eating and many more.
Intoxicating psychoactive substances are designed to affect the central nervous system and cause a change in the brain function on its components, resulting in changes to consciousness / perception. CBD is characterized as a psychoactive but non-intoxicating compound which means it affects the brain and nervous system but in a direct way that does not change cognitive functions / perception.
The term intoxicating refers to the effect of intoxication or a displaced feeling on the brain as a result of a substance consumption.
The feeling of intoxication from THC stems from its attachment to the endocannabinoid system receptors (mostly to CB1). CBD, on the other hand, does not bind to this receptor so wont get you high. Even though CBD is not intoxicating, it is psychoactive and very unique in its way of action compared to THC.
CBD is one of the cannabinoids that accounts for a large part of the cannabis plants extraction. Because the main psychoactive component of the plant (THC) has intoxicating effects, the focus in recent years has been on the non intoxicating psychoactive (CBD) and its tremendous health benefits. CBD is a phytocannabinoid formed during the extraction process from cannabidic acid. Cannabidiol does not bind to the endocannabinoid system receptors but operates through other paths that exclude the intoxicating effects.
Cannabidic Acid (CBDA)
CBD derives from CBDA. Before extraction, CBD is in its acidic form – cannabidiol acid. The CBDA goes through decarboxylation as a carbon dioxide molecule that becomes CBD.
Isolated by Israeli chemists Meshulam at the weitzmann institute of science during the 1960s. Synthetically formed as Dronabinol and available under the Marinol brand. It is by far the most studied – but we are seeing the change for non intoxicating research in its peak.
Unlike the other CBN cannabinoids such as cannabigerol (CBG) or cannabigerolic acid (CBGA) that are formed as a sub-product of THCA, when cannabis is over exposed to the sun rays for a long time – THCA becomes CBNA. CBN is the active ingredient in the process of decarboxylation from the CBNA starting material. CBN functions as a partial agonist for the CB1 endocannabinoid system but binds to a higher affinity for CB2 receptors. Relative to THC, cannabinol has a much lower affinity for receptors in the endocannabinoid system. CBN is a non-psychoactive compound found in small quantities, usually in cannabis that has been over exposed.
Ethanol is presented to the hemp inflorescence, decarboxylation takes place, which is a heating process carried out to activate the cannabinoids found in the plant.
In this process, the carboxylic group is removed from the rest of the molecule group and by that, the same acids are broken down into active cannabinoids, then after filtering unwanted plant materials you can collect the desired extract. It is believed that ethanol extracts cannabinoids more efficiently than CO2.
Pressurized carbon dioxide is presented to the hemp inflorescence in order to pull out the desired cannabinoids from the plant, decarboxylation takes place and the extract is collected after filtration.
Contains ONLY CBD
BROAD SPECTRUM from hemp
Contains CBD, CBN, CBG, CBC, terpenes and 0 THC.
FULL SPECTRUM from hemp
Contains THC<0.3%, CBD, the full spectrum of cannabinoids and terpenes, in their naturally occurring quantities.
Chemical variants (Chemotypes)
A plant that produces CBD and THC in different concentrations is a chemical phenotype, such as hemp and marijuana.
The concentration of THC in hemp is very low, while CBD is the most active ingredient in them. In order for the cannabis plant to be classified as hemp, it must contain less than .3% THC. It is known that marijuana will most likely produce low CBD and high THC.
Phytocannabinoids, Endocannabinoids, Lab made
Phytocannabinoids are hydrophobic and therefore can be extracted without solvents.
Phytocannabinoids are the cannabinoids found in the cannabis plant.
Endocannabinoids are cannabinoids that form in the human body. Synthetic cannabinoids are made in a laboratory, they bind to target the endocannabinoid receptors in the body. Cannabinoids affect the human body as a result of binding to the endocannabinoid system CB1 and CB2 receptors.
Terpenes and terpenoids
Oils found in all plants that give the plant scent, flavor, aromatic diversity and additional benefits.
These oils are secreted in the flower’s sticky resin glands, the same ones that produce THC, CBD, and other cannabinoids.
Terpenes are not unique to cannabis; they can be found in many other herbs, fruits, and plants. Like cannabinoids, terpenes bind to receptors in the brain and give rise to various effects. Terpenoids are organic compounds composed of repeating units of isoprene. Terpenes are synthesized via metabolic pathways from acetyl-CoA. The acetyl units connect to each other and form a terpene. The different terpenes are divided into groups according to the number of isoprene units that make them up. Common Terpenes in Hemp -(Terpene name / Effects / Medical Benefits):
Limonene / Stress Relief / Elevated Mood, Anti-Depressant, Anti-Anxiety;
Humulene / Appetite Suppressant / Anti-Inflammatory, Anti-Bacterial, Pain Relief;
Pinene / Memory Retention / Alertness, Anti-Inflammatory, Anti-Asthmatic;
Linalool / Calming / Anti-Depressant, Anti-Anxiety, Stress Relief;
Caryophyllene /-/ Anti-Inflammatory, Antioxidant, Pain Relief;
Myrcene / Sedating / Interacts with THC, Anti-Inflammatory, Anti-Bacterial, Antiseptic.
The flavonoids are a group of compounds synthesized by plants and found in vegetables and fruits. Even though they are not essential for the plant cell life as they are secondary metabolites, they are in charge of a few things including pesticide control, pigmentation that helps attracting pollinating animals and many more.
The endocannabinoid system maintains a balance of substances throughout the body-homeostasis. This balance allows proper functioning of the body alongside a wide range of other processes that are essential to the health and functioning of our body.
Cannabinoids affect the body as a result of binding to endocannabinoid receptors CB1 and CB2. Despite the obvious differences in the structure of CBD and THC, their phytocannabinoids bind to the same receptors in our bodies but in different ways.
THC binds with CB1(mostly) and CB2 receptors whereas CBD works in a completely different way on CB1 and CB2 receptors, but has the ability to block the activity of certain compounds that activate these receptors, such as THC.
Cannabinoids and terpenes working together in the body, embracing each other to create a balanced, completing effect.
What to Know Before Buying CBD Products?
The world nowadays is hazardous, filled with pesticides, processed food, contaminated air, filthy water, viruses and more.
There was a time with non processed foods and a healthy lifestyle.
The current system is in crisis and in need of a complete change.
RAW CBD in its purest form is something produced in nature and even in our own bodies. Its in breast milk, in broccoli and many more.
Our bodies endocannabinoid system has receptors designed specifically for CBD and many other compounds found in the hemp plant to rebuild injured areas in our brain and bodies.
Properly research about the products and companies you are interested in. Non reliable sources are flooding the industry with products containing toxins and hazardous heavy metals that are harmful for human consumption and dangerous, due to the lack of regulation in the industry. Good Manufacturing Practice protocol, provides the guidelines for all crucial stages of production, from seed till end product, by constant testing and quality control, that assure the end products quality. We give you a variety of products derived from the hemp plant, from oil full / broad spectrum, creams, isolates, bath bombs, pet oils and many more. If you are not sure where to purchase your CBD product, you should first start with a recognized and certified professional manufacturer and distributor.
We offer a wide range of organic CBD products, grown and farmed medically in the USA sun, GMP certified, non GMO, gluten free, kosher, pharmaceutical grade, 3rd party lab tested, only the best!
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